gynaecological scans - ovarian cysts
The ovaries are active organs, which naturally develop cysts during each menstrual cycle. Small ovarian cysts (follicles) are normal especially in the lead up to ovulation (egg production) at mid-cycle. The follicle changes in appearance after ovulation and shrinks in size, although it can be seen up until the next period. The sonographer scanning you will assess any cyst to determine whether it is a natural cyst (which will resolve by itself), or a pathological cyst, which might need removal. Luckily most cysts do not need surgery.
Transvaginal scans are usually performed and it will take about 20 minutes. You do not need to attend with a full bladder.
Scan will show
- Size and shape of uterus.
- Lining of the womb
- Any abnormality such as fibroids/polyp
- Size of each ovary
- Size of any Cysts within the ovary
- Type of Cyst, simple or complex
- Any mass or fluid in the pelvis.